Public Health Emergency status

IHR Public Health Emergency of International Concern

Temporary Recommendations to Reduce International Spread of Poliovirus

On 5 May 2014 the Director-General declared the international spread of poliovirus in 2014 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) under the International Health Regulations [IHR 2005], issued Temporary Recommendations to reduce the international spread of poliovirus, and requested a reassessment of this situation by the Emergency Committee every 3 months. The thirteenth meeting of the Emergency Committee was held in April 2017.

Based on the committee’s advice and the reports made by affected States Parties, the Director-General extended the following Temporary Recommendations under the IHR (2005), effective April 2017. The committee’s full report is available here.

At a glance

States infected with WPV1, cVDPV1 cVDPV3, with potential risk of international spread

 Pakistan
Afghanistan
Nigeria

States infected with cVDPV2s

 Nigeria (cVDPV)
 Pakistan (cVDPV2)

States no longer infected by WPV1 or cVDPV, but which remain vulnerable to re-infection by WPV or cVDPV

WPV1
Cameroon
Niger
Chad
Equatorial Guinea 
Central African Republic
cVDPV
Ukraine
Madagascar
Myanmar
 Guinea
 Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Please send questions to: polioihr@who.int

Polio-free countries

While there are no specific IHR Temporary Recommendations for travellers from polio free countries, those travelling to polio-affected countries are advised to consult International Travel and Health

Related Links

Full WHO statement including the Temporary Recommendations

For travellers: Frequently-asked questions [pdf]
Translations: Français | Español | عربي

Download the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis

Current global polio case count

International Health Regulations portal (secured-access for national IHR focal point)