Public Health Emergency status

IHR Public Health Emergency of International Concern

Temporary Recommendations to Reduce International Spread of Poliovirus

On 5 May 2014 the Director-General declared the international spread of poliovirus in 2014 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) under the International Health Regulations [IHR 2005], issued Temporary Recommendations to reduce the international spread of poliovirus, and requested a reassessment of this situation by the Emergency Committee every 3 months. The eleventh meeting of the Emergency Committee was held in November 2016.

Based on the committee’s advice and the reports made by affected States Parties, the Director-General extended the following Temporary Recommendations under the IHR (2005), effective November 2016. The committee’s full report is available here.

At a glance

States currently exporting wild poliovirus or cVDPV

 Pakistan (WPV)

States infected with wild poliovirus or cVDPVs but not currently exporting

 Afghanistan (WPV1)
 Guinea (cVDPV)
 Lao People’s Democratic Republic (cVDPV)
 Nigeria (WPV1 & cVDPV)

States no longer infected by wild poliovirus or cVDPV, but which remain vulnerable to international spread, and states that are vulnerable to the emergence and circulation of VDPV

 Cameroon
 Central African Republic
 Chad
 Equatorial Guinea 
 Madagascar (cVDPV)
 Myanmar (cVDPV)
 Niger
 Ukraine

Please send questions to: polioihr@who.int

Polio-free countries

While there are no specific IHR Temporary Recommendations for travellers from polio free countries, those travelling to polio-affected countries are advised to consult International Travel and Health

Related Links

Full WHO statement including the Temporary Recommendations

For travellers: Frequently-asked questions [pdf]
Translations: Français | Español | عربي

Download the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis

Current global polio case count

International Health Regulations portal (secured-access for national IHR focal point)