Afghanistan

Status: affected by wild poliovirus type 1 and circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2

Afghanistan is affected by ongoing endemic wild poliovirus transmission. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is focusing on reaching every last child in Afghanistan with vaccines, strengthening surveillance and maintaining political commitment, financial resources and technical support at all levels.

Polio this week in Afghanistan

  • No new WPV1 or cVDPV2 viruses were reported this week. There is one WPV1 case reported in 2022 and four in 2021.  The total number of cVDPV2 cases remains 43.

International Health Regulations

Afghanistan is classified by the International Health Regulations (IHR) as a state infected with WPV1 and cVDPV2 with potential risk of international spread. It is therefore subject to temporary recommendations as of February 2022.

 Travel advice

WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.

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