Public Health Emergency status

IHR Public Health Emergency of International Concern

Temporary Recommendations to Reduce International Spread of Poliovirus

On 5 May 2014 the WHO Director-General declared the international spread of poliovirus in 2014 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) under the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005), issued Temporary Recommendations to reduce the international spread of poliovirus, and requested a reassessment of this situation by the Emergency Committee every three months. The 35th meeting of the Emergency Committee was held in May 2023.

Based on the committee’s advice and the reports made by affected States Parties, the Director-General extended the following Temporary Recommendations under the IHR (2005), effective August 2023. The committee’s full report is available here.

At a glance

States infected with WPV1, cVDPV1 or cVDPV3, with potential risk of international spread


  • Afghanistan (most recent detection 23 July 2023)
  • Malawi (most recent detection 19 November 2021)
  • Mozambique (most recent detection 10 August 2022)
  • Pakistan (most recent detection 17 July 2023)


States infected with cVDPV2, with or without evidence of local transmission:

States no longer infected with WPV1 or cVDPV, but remain vulnerable to re-infection by WPV or cVDPV

country last virus date
Djibouti cVDPV2 22 May 2022
Canada cVDPV2 30 August 2022
Egypt cVDPV2 29 August 2022
Eritrea cVDPV2 2 March 2022
Ethiopia cVDPV2 1 April 2022
Gambia cVDPV2 9 Sep 2021
Mauritania cVDPV2 15 Dec 2021
Senegal cVDPV2 17 Jan 2022
Uganda cVDPV2 2 Nov 2021
Ukraine cVDPV2 24 Dec 2021

Polio-free countries

While there are no specific IHR Temporary Recommendations for travellers from polio free countries, those travelling to polio-affected countries are advised to consult International Travel and Health

Related Links

For travellers: Frequently-asked questions [pdf]
Translations: Français | Español | عربي

Download the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis

Current global polio case count

International Health Regulations portal (secured-access for national IHR focal point)

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