Pakistan

Status: affected by wild poliovirus type 1 and circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2

Pakistan is affected by ongoing endemic wild poliovirus transmission and circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2).

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is focusing on reaching every last child in Pakistan with vaccines, strengthening surveillance and maintaining political commitment, financial resources and technical support at all levels.

Polio this week in Pakistan

  • One wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case was reported in Balochistan making it the first of 2021. The total number of 2020 cases remain
  • Six WPV1 positive environmental samples were reported; two each in Sindh and Balochistan and two each in Punjab and Islamabad.
  • Two cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) were reported; one each in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtoon bringing the 2021 case count to three. The number of 2020 cases remain 135.
  • Five cVDPV2 positive environmental samples were reported; two in Sindh and one each in Balochistan, Punjab and Khyber Pakhtoon.
  • Read the latest polio snapshot from Pakistan to see information on cases, surveillance and vaccination campaigns.

International Health Regulations

Pakistan is classified by the International Health Regulations (IHR) as a state infected with WPV1 and cVDPV2 with potential risk of international spread, with potential risk of international spread.  It is therefore subject to temporary recommendations as of February 2021.

Travel Recommendations

WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.

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