Pakistan

Status: affected by wild poliovirus type 1 and circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2

Pakistan is affected by ongoing endemic wild poliovirus transmission and circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2).

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is focusing on reaching every last child in Pakistan with vaccines, strengthening surveillance and maintaining political commitment, financial resources and technical support at all levels.

Polio this week in Pakistan

  • One wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case was reported in Balochistan province. There are 82 WPV1 cases reported in 2020 so far while the total number of cases reported in 2019 cases remains 147.
  • 13 WPV1 positive environmental samples were reported; two in Balochistan, one in Khyber Pakhtoon and five each in Punjab and Sindh.
  • No case of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) was reported this week. There are 104 cVDPV2 cases reported in 2020 so far while the 2019 case count remains 22.
  • Five cVDPV2 positive environmental samples were reported; two in Balochistan and three in Sindh.
  • Read the latest polio snapshot from Pakistan to see information on cases, surveillance and vaccination campaigns.

International Health Regulations

Pakistan is classified by the International Health Regulations (IHR) as a state infected with WPV1 and cVDPV2 with potential risk of international spread, with potential risk of international spread.  It is therefore subject to temporary recommendations as of October 2020.

Travel Recommendations

WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.

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