Status: affected by circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus 2 (cVDPV2)
Polio this week in Sudan
- No cVDPV2 cases were reported this week. There was one case reported in 2022.
- The current conflict has severely impacted the delivery of healthcare and the function of health infrastructure throughout the country, particularly in Khartoum, North Kordofan and Darfur states. The second round of the cVDPV2 outbreak response campaign has been paused until further notice.
- AFP surveillance remains active nationwide and mitigation measures around sample collection and storage are being implemented.
International Health Regulations
As per the advice of an Emergency Committee convened under the International Health Regulations (2005), the risk of international spread of poliovirus remains a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). Countries affected by poliovirus transmission are subject to Temporary Recommendations. To comply with the Temporary Recommendations issued under the PHEIC, any country infected by poliovirus should declare the outbreak as a national public health emergency, ensure the vaccination of residents and long-term visitors and restrict at the point of departure travel of individuals, who have not been vaccinated or cannot prove the vaccination status. The latest report by the Committee is as of August 2023.
WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.