Status: affected by circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus 2 (cVDPV2)
Polio this week in South Sudan
- Seven cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) were reported; one each in Warrap, Northern Bahr El Ghazal, Lakes and four in Central Equatoria. There are now 22 cVDPV2 cases in the country, all linked to the ongoing outbreak in Chad.
- Two cVDPV2 positive environmental samples were reported in Central Equatoria.
- Read our South Sudan country page for more information.
It is important that all countries, in particular those with frequent travel and contacts with polio-affected countries and areas, strengthen surveillance for AFP cases in order to rapidly detect any new virus importation and to facilitate a rapid response. Countries, territories and areas should also maintain uniformly high routine immunization coverage at the district level to minimize the consequences of any new virus introduction.
International Health Regulations
South Sudan is classified by the International Health Regulations (IHR) as a state infected with cVDPV2, with potential risk of international spread. It is therefore subject to temporary recommendations as of October 2020.
WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.