Iraq

Status: no longer poliovirus-infected, but at high risk of outbreaks

Iraq is one of the countries in the Middle East affected by an outbreak of polio from virus of Pakistani origin. Iraq has not had a case of indigenous wild poliovirus since 2000. The priority is to maintain high levels of immunity and strong disease surveillance, to minimise the risk and consequences associated with a potential re-infection or re-emergence of poliovirus.

WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.

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Key at-risk: no longer poliovirus-infected, but at high risk of outbreaks
Outbreak: has stopped indigenous WPV circulation but affected by outbreak of imported WPV or circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus
Endemic: has never stopped indigenous wild poliovirus (WPV) circulation