Nigeria

Status: Affected by circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2.

Nigeria is affected by circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) outbreaks. No wild poliovirus type 2 has been detected in the country since 2016.

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is focused on strengthening surveillance to find and respond to the virus, wherever it emerges, and closing immunity gaps to protect the population and stop the virus from circulating. The programme is also committed to advocating for sustained political commitment and ensuring necessary financial resources and technical support for polio eradication at all levels.

Polio this week in Nigeria

  • No cVDPV2 cases was reported this week. There are two cVDPV2 cases in 2020 and 18 cVDPV2 cases were reported in 2019.
  • Read our Nigeria country page for more information.

International Health Regulations

Nigeria is classified by the International Health Regulations (IHR) as a state infected with cVDPV2 with potential risk of international spread.  It is therefore subject to temporary recommendations as of June 2020.

Travel advice

WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.

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