Central African Republic

Status: Affected by circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (VDPV2) 

In Central African Republic (CAR), circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) has been confirmed.

Polio this week in Central African Republic

  • There are four reported cases from four different outbreaks of cVDPV2 in 2019. Additional confirmed cVDPV2 community contact have been reported in CAR.
  • No environmental samples were reported.
  • Read our Central African Republic country page for more information.

International Health Regulations

As per the advice of an Emergency Committee convened under the International Health Regulations (2005), efforts to limit the international spread of poliovirus remains a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).  Countries affected by poliovirus transmission are subject to Temporary Recommendations.  To comply with the Temporary Recommendations issued under the PHEIC, any country infected by poliovirus should declare the outbreak as a national public health emergency and consider vaccination of all international travellers.

 Travel advice

WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.

More on vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (VDPV2)  in the Central African Republic