Syrian Arab Republic

Status: no longer poliovirus-infected, but at high risk of outbreaks

Syria was affected in October 2013 by wild poliovirus closely related to that originating in Pakistan. Syria has not had a case of indigenous wild poliovirus since 1999. The priority is to maintain high levels of immunity and strong disease surveillance, to minimise the risk and consequences associated with a potential re-infection or re-emergence of poliovirus.

WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.

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Key at-risk: no longer poliovirus-infected, but at high risk of outbreaks
Outbreak: has stopped indigenous WPV circulation but affected by outbreak of imported WPV or circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus
Endemic: has never stopped indigenous wild poliovirus (WPV) circulation

 

Related Resources

The Strategic Plan has been included in the two main UN humanitarian funding appeal documents for the region/country:

  • Regional Response Plan
  • Syria Response Plan (SHARP)