Somalia

Status: affected by circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus

Somalia is affected by circulation of both vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) and vaccine-derived poliovirus type 3 (cVDPV3).

Circulation of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) and type 3 (cVDPV3) has been confirmed in the Horn of Africa, with the same virus confirmed in Kenya and Somalia.

Polio this week in Horn of Africa

  • In Somalia, one circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) case was reported in the past week, from Bari province (Bossaso district), with onset of paralysis on 8 May.
  • The Horn of Africa is affected by separate outbreaks of cVDPV2 and type 3 (cVDPV3), reporting both AFP cases and environmental positive samples.
  • Somalia has reported a total of 15 cVDPV cases (eight type 2, six type 3 and one coinfection of both type 2 and type 3) since the beginning of the outbreaks.
  • The most recent cVDPV3 virus was from an AFP case from Runingod district, Middle Shabelle province with an onset date of paralysis on 7 September 2018.
  • Circulating VDPV2 has also been detected during 2018 in one environmental sample in Kenya collected on 21 March 2018.
  • Outbreak response to both virus types is currently being implemented in line with internationally-agreed guidelines. Large-scale supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) have been implemented in Banadir, Lower Shabelle and Middle Shabelle regions, Somalia.
  • WHO and partners continue to support local public health authorities across the Horn of Africa in conducting field investigations and risk assessments.
  • Read our Somalia country page and Kenya country page to see information on surveillance and vaccination campaigns.
  • Learn more about vaccine-derived polioviruses through this short animation or this ‘Coffee with Polio Experts’ video.

International Health Regulations

Somalia is classified by the International Health Regulations (IHR) as a state infected with cVDPV2 and cVDPV3, with potential risk of international spread. It is therefore subject to temporary recommendations as of May 2019.

Travel advice

WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.

More on this outbreak of cVDPV in Somalia

More on vaccine-derived polioviruses