Somalia

Status: affected by circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus

Somalia is affected by circulation of both vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) and vaccine-derived poliovirus type 3 (cVDPV3).

Polio this week in Somalia

  • Five cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) were reported; one each in Awdal, Banadir, Bay, Lower Juba and Middle Shabelle provinces. There is a total of 24 cVDPV cases (12 type 2, six type 3 and one coinfection of both type 2 and type 3) since the beginning of the outbreak in 2018.
  • One cVDPV2 positive environmental sample was reported in Lower Juba province.
  • Read our Somalia country page for more information.

International Health Regulations

Somalia is classified by the International Health Regulations (IHR) as a state infected with cVDPV2 and cVDPV3, with potential risk of international spread. It is therefore subject to temporary recommendations as of June 2020.

Travel advice

WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.

More on vaccine-derived polioviruses