Looking at long-term OPV use and at fractional IPV dosage

Looking at long-term OPV use and at fractional IPV dosage

The New England Journal of Medicine has published today two studies on polio eradication, offering useful new insights both for the pre- and post-eradication era.

In the first study, Helen Jenkins from Imperial College London et al, examined the implications of the circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) in Nigeria. The study reaffirms that cVDPVs can regain transmissibility and pathogenicity that is similar to that of wild polioviruses. For the pre-eradication era, this supports the 2007 recommendation of the Advisory Committee on Poliomyelitis Eradication that cVDPVs be responded to in the same manner as wild poliovirus outbreaks. For the post-eradication era, this study reinforces the importance of solid planning for the management of long-term poliovirus risks – especially cVDPVs – in particular the eventual cessation of oral polio vaccine use in routine immunization programmes.

The second study, by Dr Ali Jafer Mohammed from the Ministry of Health in Oman, et al, presents the results of a clinical trial on fractional doses of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) in Oman. The trial compared seroconversion rates with fractional IPV doses (1/5th of a full dose) to whole dose IPV in infants to evaluate this potential strategy for making the vaccine more affordable for use in low- and low-middle income countries if needed. The data found that in that setting, fractional doses of IPV administered intradermally at 2, 4 and 6 months, as compared with full doses of IPV given intramuscularly in the same schedule, achieve similar seroconversion rates, though with lower antibody titers. Together with our partners, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative is pursuing its work on evaluating a variety of approaches to achieve affordable IPV options for the post-OPV era.

The need to effectively manage cVDPVs both in the pre- and post-eradication eras, and the importance of pursuing strategies to reduce the cost of IPV for the post-eradication era, were underscored in the accompanying editorial ‘The bumpy road to polio eradication’, by Dr John F Modlin.

Related


Related News

   12/12/2017
Recommendations for further interventions in Pakistan and Afghanistan as progress towards polio eradication is put under the microscope.
   12/12/2017
Polio survivors in Burkina Faso are reaching their full potential thanks to Rotary support
   12/12/2017
In Pakistan, the polio eradication programme and the routine immunization programme are working hand in hand to increase vaccination coverage in urban areas
   07/12/2017
Muslim leaders urge parents to vaccinate their children
   06/12/2017
All hands on deck to stop polio in Syria amidst conflict
   01/12/2017
Giving hope for better lives to people with polio