The World Health Assembly issues the resolutions that determine the scope and direction for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. The Initiative operates within a broad framework of intergovernmental and interagency cooperation and participation.
Polio Oversight Board
At an operational level, oversight of the GPEI is the responsibility of the Polio Oversight Board (POB). Comprised of the heads of agencies of core GPEI partners, the POB meets quarterly to provide operational oversight and ensure high-level accountability across the GPEI partnership. Donors are invited to participate in at least one meeting per year.
Finance and Accountability Committee
Under the authority of the POB, the Finance and Accountability Committee (FAC), comprised of major donors and chaired by a POB member, meets quarterly to monitor the GPEI’s financial needs, sources of funds, resources allocations and expenditures and to advise the POB on key financial issues.
Global Polio Partners Group
The Global Polio Partners Group (PPG) serves as the stakeholder voice for the GPEI and reports their results to the Polio Oversight board.
Monitoring and guidance
Independent Monitoring Board
Role: independently evaluates progress towards each of the major milestones of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative Strategic Plan 2010-2012, evaluates the impact of any ‘mid-course corrections’ that are deemed necessary, and advises on additional measures appropriate to achieving the plan’s milestones.
Members: global experts from a variety of fields relevant to the work of the GPEI
Meetings, resources and reports: Independent Monitoring Board
Technical guidance on polio eradication
Regional technical advisory groups
Role: reviews the status of polio eradication in countries of the region and makes recommendations on actions for achieving eradication.
Members: public health experts.
National technical advisory groups
Role: reviews the status of polio eradication in the country and advises on local strategy, priorities and programme operations.
Members: national and international experts.
Reports: Technical Advisory Groups
Strategic guidance on immunization
Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE)
Role: acts as the principal advisory group to the World Health Organization (WHO) for vaccines and immunization.
Members: acknowledged experts with a thorough understanding of immunization issues.
SAGE Working Group on IPV Policy
Role: advises SAGE on the role of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) in routine immunization following oral polio vaccine (OPV) cessation, and on other polio immunization issues.
Members: internationally recognized experts.
The Strategy Committee of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) is an executive committee set up by the Polio Oversight Board (POB) to oversee the management and execution of the GPEI Strategic Plan, and is accountable for the achievement of programmatic objectives.
Five Management Groups report to the Strategy Committee on different aspects of the programme, with representatives from all of the partners of the GPEI. Their Terms of Reference can be found here:
The Terms of Reference for the Transition Management Group (TMG) will be available soon.
International PolioPlus Committee of the Rotary Foundation (IPPC)
Role: reviews progress of the PolioPlus programme and plans for the deployment of grant funds, primarily to WHO and UNICEF.
Members: appointed by Rotary.
Global Polio Laboratory Network (GPLN)
Role: reviews performance and establishes policies for improving the performance of network laboratories.
Members: representatives of reference laboratories.
Publications: Global Polio Laboratory Network publications
Global Certification Commission (GCC)
Role: oversees the certification process, receives and reviews regional commission reports and – if and when appropriate – will issue a report to the WHO Director-General to certify that the circulation of wild polioviruses has been interrupted globally.
Members: independent experts.
Regional certification commissions (RCCs)
Role: independently verifies polio eradication for all countries in the region.
Members: public health and scientific experts.
Reports: Advisory and certification