The World Health Assembly issues the resolutions that determine the scope and direction for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. The Initiative operates within a broad framework of intergovernmental and interagency cooperation and participation.


Polio Oversight Board

At an operational level, oversight of the GPEI is the responsibility of the Polio Oversight Board (POB). Comprised of the heads of agencies of core GPEI partners, the POB meets quarterly to provide operational oversight and ensure high-level accountability across the GPEI partnership. Donors are invited to participate in at least one meeting per year.

Polio Oversight Board Terms of Reference

Finance and Accountability Committee

Under the authority of the POB, the Finance and Accountability Committee (FAC), comprised of major donors and chaired by a POB member, meets quarterly to monitor the GPEI’s financial needs, sources of funds, resources allocations and expenditures and to advise the POB on key financial issues.

Finance and Accountability Committee Terms of Reference

Global Polio Partners Group

The Global Polio Partners Group (PPG) serves as the stakeholder voice for the GPEI and reports their results to the Polio Oversight board.

Monitoring and guidance

Independent Monitoring Board

The Independent Monitoring Board independently evaluates progress towards the attainment of a polio-free world, providing independent monitoring and guidance on the work of Objective 1 of the GPEI Strategic Plan – the detection and interruption of poliovirus.

Its membership is made up of global experts from a variety of fields relevant to the work of the GPEI.

Transition Independent Monitoring Board

The Transition Independent Monitoring Board independently monitors and guides the process of transition planning, assessing the quality, sufficiency and impact of work being undertaken to achieve the aims of transition planning, as stated in the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-18.

Technical guidance on polio eradication

Technical Advisory Groups

Technical advisory groups review the status of polio eradication at the country and sub-regional level, and give technical advice on local strategy, priorities and programme operations. Group membership is made up of national and international public health experts.

Strategic guidance on immunization

Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE)

Role: acts as the principal advisory group to the World Health Organization (WHO) for vaccines and immunization.

Members: acknowledged experts with a thorough understanding of immunization issues.

Reports: Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization reports

SAGE Working Group on IPV Policy

Role: advises SAGE on the role of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) in routine immunization following oral polio vaccine (OPV) cessation, and on other polio immunization issues.

Members: internationally recognized experts.


Strategy Committee

The Strategy Committee of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) is an executive committee set up by the Polio Oversight Board (POB) to oversee the management and execution of the GPEI Strategic Plan, and is accountable for the achievement of programmatic objectives.

Five Management Groups report to the Strategy Committee on different aspects of the programme, with representatives from all of the partners of the GPEI. Their Terms of Reference can be found here:

The Terms of Reference for the Transition Management Group (TMG) will be available soon.

International PolioPlus Committee of the Rotary Foundation (IPPC)

Role: reviews progress of the PolioPlus programme and plans for the deployment of grant funds, primarily to WHO and UNICEF.

Members: appointed by Rotary.


Global Polio Laboratory Network (GPLN)

Role: reviews performance and establishes policies for improving the performance of network laboratories.

Members: representatives of reference laboratories.

More information: Global Polio Laboratory Network 

Global Certification Commission (GCC)

Role: oversees the certification process, receives and reviews regional commission reports and – if and when appropriate – will issue a report to the WHO Director-General to certify that the circulation of wild polioviruses has been interrupted globally.

Members: independent experts.

Regional certification commissions (RCCs)

Role: independently verifies polio eradication for all countries in the region.

Members: public health and scientific experts.

Reports: Advisory and certification