Madagascar

Status: has stopped indigenous wild poliovirus (WPV) circulation but affected by outbreak of imported WPV or circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus

WHO’s International Travel and Health recommends that all travellers to polio-affected areas be fully vaccinated against polio. Residents (and visitors for more than 4 weeks) from infected areas should receive an additional dose of OPV or inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) within 4 weeks to 12 months of travel.

Polio this week in Madagascar

  • No cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) have been reported in 2016. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 22 August 2015, from Sud-Ouest region. The total number of cVDPV1 cases for 2015 is 10.
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Key at-risk: no longer poliovirus-infected, but at high risk of outbreaks
Outbreak: has stopped indigenous WPV circulation but affected by outbreak of imported WPV or circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus
Endemic: has never stopped indigenous wild poliovirus (WPV) circulation

 

IHR Classification

Madagascar is classified by the International Health Regulations (IHR) as a state infected with wild poliovirus or circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus but not currently exporting and hence it is subject to temporary recommendations as of May 2016.

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